[Rapport] Red zones : bail and sentencing conditions and marginalized people in Vancouver

Dirigée par Marie-Ève Sylvestre avec N.Blomley, SFU et C.Bellot, UDM, une présentation des résultats de recherche a eu lieu le 15 février à Vancouver.

 » Red zones and other conditions lead to multiple rights violations yet they are rarely challenged. » — Pivot Legal Society (@pivotlegal) 15 février 2017, pic.twitter.com/LIBqb7vLVj

Voici les faits saillants en anglais seulement: ‘Red zones’: bail and sentencing conditions and marginalized people in Vancouver


Our study focused on conditions of release with geographic or spatial dimensions, colloquially referred to as ‘red zones’, imposed at bail or at sentencing to marginalized groups of people, including the homeless, drug users, sex workers and political protesters, who use public spaces in four Canadian cities (Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto and Vancouver). The Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) funded the research.


In Vancouver, we conducted fieldwork from November 2012 to April 2014. We met with 18 people subject to conditions of release associated with bail or probation through individual interviews or focus groups. Will Damon also interviewed another 18 individuals as part of his M.A. (SFU; 2014) and we were able to rely on this data as well. We obtained the court records of 10 interviewees. We also interviewed six legal actors involved in imposing or negotiating conditions of release. Finally, we obtained quantitative data from the justice information system (JUSTIN) administered by the Court Services Branch of the Ministry of Justice of B.C. for all adult criminal court cases either sentenced to probation or a conditional sentence, or cases not necessarily sentenced, but granted bail between 2005-2012 in the Vancouver Provincial Court (including the Drug Court) or Downtown Community Court. The entire data set contains 94 931 court cases or 101 152 orders that have generated 528 316 conditions concerning 30 505 distinct accused individuals over the course of seven years.

What interested us?

We wanted to learn about 1) the significance of the use of red zones in criminal cases; 2) the effects of these conditions on marginalized people’s rights and lives; 3) the objectives pursued by legal actors who issue or negotiate these orders; and 4) the impact of these orders on the administration of justice.

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